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William Wallace

William Wallace is the main protagonist of Mel Gibson's 1995 movie Braveheart. He is based off of a warrior of the same name who was lesser-known throughout his native Scotland until the movie came out. He was portrayed by Mel Gibson, who also directed the movie and also played Martin Riggs in the Lethal Weapon movies, Benjamin Martin in The Patriot, Rocky Rhodes in Chicken Run, Max Rockatansky in the Mad Max trilogy, Graham Hess in Signs, Thomas Craven in Edge of Darkness and John Smith in Pocahontas, and was also the director of the 2004 biblical epic The Passion of the Christ. William Wallace (Scottish Gaelic: Uilleam Uallas, pronounced [ˈɯʎam ˈuəl̪ˠəs̪]; Norman French: William le Waleys) (1272? - 1305) was a Scot commoner whose nation was under the thumb of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England, who occupied the country following the death of its monarch, who left no heir to the throne, in 1280. William's father did own some land which set the family apart from other commoners. When William was a young boy, his father Malcolm and his older brother John went to a peace summit between Scottish nobles and the English. Unfortunately the meeting was a trap, and all of the Scottish attendees - even the children were hanged. Malcolm and John had arrived late to find the grisly scene, William had followed them and was traumatized when he came and saw all the dead Scots, a memory he would carry for the rest of his life. Malcolm and John went off to fight against the English, leaving William to tend the farm. They were both killed by the English. Their bodies were recovered by Malcolm's friend Campbell and brought home. After the funeral Malcolm's brother Argyle became William's guardian. William accompanied Argyle on his travels throughout Europe, including Rome. When he grew up, Wallace was a large, muscular man. whom scholars assumed stood seven feet tall. At the age of twenty-five, he killed an English sheriff who murdered his wife Murron, whom he had married in secret in order to avoid having her raped by an English Lord due to Edward's declaring Prima Nocta for all new Scottish brides. Wallace went outlaw after his wife's death. He commanded a powerful rebel band and battled the English Armies. It's been said that his greatest victory came at the town of Stirling, where Wallace led a group of spearmen to victory against King Edward's cavalry. Following his victory and subsequent knighthood, he enlisted nobleman Robert the Bruce, in his crusade. He also sacked York after Longshanks' son, Prince Edward, failed to send reinforcements there, killing Longshanks' nephew, the Governor of York, and sending his severed head to the King. Prince Edward's wife, Princess Isabella of France, visited Wallace afterwards to present an offer from Longshanks, but William confides his past to her and tells her to pass his refusal to Longshanks. Edward then personally led his army to battle against Wallace in the town of Falkirk. Although the conscripts from Ireland, working for William's ally Stephen, betrayed Longshanks and fought for the Scots, he hindered Wallace's support from Scottish nobles by bribing noblemen Mornay and Lochlan, allowing him to defeat the rebels; Wallace's friend Hamish's father Campbell is among the casualties. William managed to escape death at Falkirk and continues his crusade on his own, and has an affair with Isabella, but seven years later, arriving at a meeting in Edinburgh, he was captured when the Scottish nobles, led by Robert the Bruce's father Robert the Elder, betrayed him to the English. William was tried, tortured, and put to death by the English. His remains were scattered to the four corners of the British Isles as a warning to other rebels. Seven years after William's death Robert the Bruce and his army met a larger English army at Bannockburn. The English expected Bruce to kiss their asses as he paid homage to the English throne. Robert the Bruce had other ideas, and said to his army, "You have bled with Wallace! Now bleed with me!" The Bruce and the Scottish army charged the English army, beginning the Battle of Bannockburn. Despite being outnumbered and starving the Scots carried the day, ensuring Scotland remained independent for a few hundred more years until 1707, when it eventually peacefully merged with England to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, which would later merge with the Kingdom of Ireland to form the United Kingdom in 1801.[1]

References[]


Braveheart cosplay
William WallacePrincess Isabelle of FranceKing Edward I of EnglandMurronKing Robert the Bruce of ScotlandHamishStephenRobert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale
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